Whitman, Marcus

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Whitman's father died when he was eight and his mother sent him and his four brothers and sisters away to be raised by relatives. He was away for 10 years.

He became a medical doctor and missionary to the Cayuse and Nez Perce people of Washington State. He and his wife were not very successful as missionaries, and in time transferred their attention to assisting white settlement in the area.

Their daughter died young, but they later fostered and adopted 11 orphans of Oregon Trail settlers, including a family of seven, the Sangers. In 1847 the mission station and the Cayuse people nearby were struck by a virulent measles epidemic, to which the Native Americans had no immunity. The missionary-doctors were unable to treat it effectively, many people died, and the missionaries were blamed (and it was the whites of course who brought the measles). In fear or revenge the mission was attacked and 14 people killed, including Whitman and his wife. The Whitman Massacre is one of the major events in the history of the American Pacific Northwest.


Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, 1993-97
Dictionary of American Biography
Hirschfelder, Arlene, and Molin, Paulette. Encyclopedia of Native American Religions: An Introduction. (New York: Facts on File, 1992)
Jones, Nard. The Great Command: The Story of Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and the Oregon Country Pioneers. (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1959)
"The Mission at Waiilatpu." Available at: http://www.halcyon.com/rdpayne/wmnhs-mission.html


19th Century
Medicine and Allied Professions
Adoptees/fosterees Who Are/were Also Adopters or Foster Parents
Murdered, Assassinated
School-age Years, Adolescence
Unmarried Mother, Single Parent (Mother or Father) Unable to Cope
Parent(s) Died, Disappeared or Became Incapacitated
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