Francisco, Peter

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Francisco was found abandoned on the docks of Hopewell, Virginia, in 1765, aged about five. He could speak no English and after a week he was taken in by the wealthy judge Anthony Wilson, an uncle of Patrick Henry. He stayed in Wilson's care as ward and later blacksmith until he enlisted in the Continental Army aged 15.

He was 6'6" (1.98m) tall and weighed 260 pounds (117kg), and had a brilliant career in the war. Stories told of him include carrying a half-ton (450kg) cannon unaided at the Battle of Camden, and killing eleven Redcoats with a five-foot (1.52m) broadsword at the Battle of Guilford Court House.

After the war he became wealthy and was appointed sergeant-at-arms of the Virginia House of Delegates. There is a monument to him at Greensboro, North Carolina, and 15 March is Peter Francisco day in several states. There is a Peter Francisco Park in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and the US Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp in his honor in 1975.


Dever, Maria, and Dever, Aileen. Relative Origins: Famous Foster and Adopted People. (Portland: National Book Company, 1992)
Holmes, Lionel, and D'Alessandro, Joseph. Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area. (Sacramento, Portuguese Historical and Cultural Society, 1990)
Pap, Leo. The Portuguese-Americans. (Boston: Portuguese Continental Union of the USA, repr. 1992)
"18Ę Peter Francisco Shouldering Cannon: American Bicentennial Series." Available at:
Ingraham, Ken. "Patriots and Heroes, 1774-1783: Peter Francisco, 1760-1831." [Includes portrait]. Available at:


18th Century
19th Century
Government, Politics, Civil Service, Public Administration
Military and Defense
Pre-school Years
Foundlings and Feral Children
Priest, Religious, Teacher, Coach, Mentor, Patron, Apprentice Master or Owner
Others ("Strangers")
Wealthy, Famous, Noble or Divine Adoptive or Foster Families
Trans-Racial, Trans-Tribal, International or Trans-Cultural Adoption or Fostering
Tracing Impossible or Birth Family Extinct
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