Chanel, Gabrielle Bonheur ("Coco")

print
bookmark
comment
  • Currently 1/5 Stars.
You may use the stars on the left to rate and leave feedback for the current article. No registration is required. Waiting for 5 votes 1.0 of 5 stars (2 votes) — Thanks for your vote

Please fill out the following optional information before submitting your rating:



1883-1971

French fashion designer

Chanel was illegitimate, one of probably six children, although her parents married in 1885. She later surrounded her early life in romantic inventions, but the facts seem to be that her father was a wastrel and a vagabond, her mother died in 1895, and Gabrielle and a sister were then abandoned in an orphanage until adulthood, while two of the brothers were sent as foster children to a peasant farmer as Hospice Children, similar to the Verdingkinder of Switzerland.

She opened her first dress shop in Beauville in 1913. Her simple, comfortable designs were taken up quickly by rich society women, tired of the over-elaborate and restricting fashions of the day. She soon rose to be the queen of Paris haute couture and remained the most powerful figure there for six decades, at one time employing 3,500 staff. She has been credited with the "invention" in the 1920s of the suntan as a fashionable look for the idle rich (advertising their ample leisure time); previously it was the mark of the outdoor laboring classes.

References

Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, 1993-97
Madsen, Axel. Chanel: A Woman of Her Own. (New York: Henry Holt, 1990)
Leymarie, Jean. Chanel. (New York: Skira/Rizzoli, 1987)
"Michael Moffa's Tribute to the Legendary House of Chanel: Coco Chanel Biography." [Includes portrait]. Formerly available at: http://www.missouri.edu/~c676453/chanel2.html
Wallach, Janet. Chanel: Her Style and Her Life. (New York: N. Talese, 1998)
Charles-Roux, Edmonde. Chanel: Her Life, Her World - and the Woman behind the Legend She Herself Created. (London: Jonathan Cape, 1976)

Indexes

European
France
19th Century
20th Century
Fashion, Hairdressing and Modeling; Beauty Queens
Self-made Men and Women
School-age Years, Adolescence
Child Abandoned or Rejected by Birth Parent(s)
Institutional Care
Later Married Birth Father
Parent(s) Died, Disappeared or Became Incapacitated
Birth Siblings Placed Together
Birth Sibling(s) Separated
Always in Contact or Knew Identities
Visitor Comments (0) - Be the first to comment
Adding your comments contributes to the adoption community. Please keep all comments on topic and civil. Visitors are invited to comment and vote for or flag comments based on appropriateness and helpfulness. All comments must adhere to our commenting rules and are subject to moderation.

To see local Adoption resources, please select a location (U.S. only):


Need a Home Study?
Adoption Photolisting
Madison (TX / 15 / F)
Madison is a sweet youth who very much wants to be part of a forever family. She does well when she is praised and thrives off of positive attention. Madison wants to feel... [more]
Parent Profiles
We are Mike, Melissa and Finley from Alamo, CA. Becoming parents has been the most joyous experience of our lives and we are excited to expand our family through adoption. We... [more]
Directory of Adoption Professionals
Find a professional
for all of your adoption needs including:

Note: Our authors are dedicated to honest, engaged, informed, intelligent, and open conversation about adoption. The opinions expressed here may not reflect the views of Adoption.com.

Settings Help Feedback
Template Settings
Width: 1024     1280
Choose a Location:
Choose a Theme: