Boson of Arles (King)

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?-887

Also known as Boso
Duke of Arles and King of Provence

Boson was born before 850, the son of Buwin, Count of Ardennes. His father made him governor of Lombardy and in 879 Boson convened the nobility of Provence and had himself elected King of Provence. He was the brother-in-law of Charles the Bald and was the favorite of Pope John VIII to succeed Charles as Holy Roman Emperor. This was apparently made public by a ceremony called "adoption by hair," in which Boson cut off his own hair and gave it to the Pope, signifying his acceptance of his adoption. It was a kind of formal adult adoption, where the Pope made his choice public, akin to the adoptions in classical Rome to secure the succession, and also to that of Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, which made him heir to King Karl XIII of Sweden and Norway (Karl XIV Johan).

References

The Catholic Encyclopedia
Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. New and enlarged edition. (1894) ("Adoption by hair"). Also available at: http://www.bibliomania.com/Reference/PhraseAndFable/data/15.html

Indexes

European
France
1st to 10th Centuries Ce
Rulers, Nobles, Chiefs, Presidents, Prime Ministers
Adopted as an Adult
To Further Family or Political Alliances
To Provide Heirs, As Protgs, etc.
Wealthy, Famous, Noble or Divine Adoptive or Foster Families
Adoptees/Fosterees from Wealthy, Famous, Noble or Divine Birth Families
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